Possible Causes of Tooth Pain and Treatment Options

A toothache is a painful sensation in or around a tooth. It’s commonly a sign of an issue with your tooth or gums. However, referred pain can sometimes trigger toothaches. This shows that the source of your pain is located elsewhere in your body, so it should never be ignored.

If dental caries is not addressed, they can spread and cause more discomfort in the tooth. Although many situations of tooth pain are not severe, there are cases in which a dentist must be visited immediately. In this post, find out more about the common causes of tooth pain and home remedies for alleviating toothache.

Causes of Tooth Pain

Tooth pain can be triggered by different problems, ranging from minor to severe. Among the most common causes of dental pain are the following:

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay, also known as dental cavities, is a common oral health issue caused by the breakdown of tooth enamel because of acid produced by bacteria in the mouth. When the enamel on a tooth is damaged, it can trigger discomfort and sensitivity. A tooth pain accompanied by swelling or fever may signify an infection needing immediate treatment.

Regularly practicing excellent dental hygiene is essential to avoid tooth decay. However, if you are experiencing this dental emergency, getting urgent treatment from a dentist or emergency dental clinic is vital.

Gum Disease

Also known as periodontal illness, it is a common condition that affects the gums and the bone that sustains the teeth. It is triggered by bacteria that develop on the teeth and gums, forming plaque. Gingivitis can advance to periodontitis if left untreated, a more extreme form of gum disease that can harm the bone and tissues that sustain the teeth, possibly resulting in tooth loss.


Bruxism is a problem that triggers a person to grind, clench, or gnash their teeth. It can happen during the day but is more commonly associated with night-time sleep behaviors. Different factors, including stress, anxiety, sleep disorders, and dental problems, can trigger it.

TMJ Disorders

This problem affects the temporomandibular joint, which connects the jawbone to the skull. The condition can trigger discomfort, tightness, and popping or clicking sounds in the jaw joint when opening and closing the mouth. If you’re experiencing TMJ problem signs, you can seek a treatment for TMJ disorder in Edmonton or consult a dentist for a precise diagnosis and treatment strategy is essential.

Oral Pain Remedies

You can try several tooth pain treatments at home to alleviate discomfort until you can go to a dentist. Below are some examples:

  • Pain relief medication: Over-the-counter medicine such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can successfully ease oral pain.
  • Cold compress: A cold compress can effectively relieve dental discomfort, especially if the pain is due to inflammation or swelling. A cold compress eases discomfort by helping to numb the area and reduce swelling.
  • Clove oil: Clove oil contains a natural anesthetic to help eliminate dental pain. You must carefully apply clove oil on a cotton ball before being placed on the affected tooth.
  • Dental treatment: Depending on the cause of the tooth pain, treatment may be necessary. This could include a filling, root canal, or removal of the affected tooth. You should see a dentist for proper diagnosis and treatment of dental pain.

Tooth pain can be a sign of a severe problem, and early detection can help prevent more major problems from developing. You can avoid this issue by practicing excellent oral hygiene, which includes regular brushing, flossing, and gargling. Consult your dentist immediately to handle a dental emergency in case you experience it.

Bottom Line

Experiencing a toothache can be very uncomfortable. Though many home remedies can help a person feel better and get some sleep, they are not lasting solutions. Seeing your family dentist is the best approach to determining the cause of your tooth pain. X-rays and a complete checkup will help her choose the suitable treatment to ease discomfort.